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2013年4月21日 星期日

世界主要空軍-俄羅斯空軍(World Major Air Force-Военно-воздушные cилы России/Russian Air Force)-2013


俄羅斯空軍總司令部是空軍最高機構,編有司令部、政治部、後勤部等機關,空軍總司令由國防部副部長兼任為空軍最高指揮官。部隊主要由長程航空兵、前線航空兵和軍事運輸航空兵3個兵種組成。此外,還編有工程兵、化學兵和通信兵等勤務支援部隊。編為4個空防軍區司令部(operational commands)與航空太空防禦戰略司令部(Operational Strategic Command for Air-Space Defense)軍事運輸航空司令部(Military Transport Aviation Command)以及長程航空司令部(Long Range Aviation Command),構成「軍區司令部-空軍基地()-大隊()」三級指揮結構。第1空防司令部歸西方軍區指揮,第2空防司令部歸中央軍區指揮,第3空防司令部歸東方軍區指揮,第4空防司令部則歸南方軍區指揮。
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  • 航空太空防禦戰略司令部(Operational Strategic Command for Air-Space Defense)(Moscow)
    • 4th Air-space defense brigade (Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Oblast)
    • 5th Air-space defense brigade (Petrovskoe, Moscow Oblast)
    • 6th Air-space defense brigade (Rzhev, Tver Oblast)(former 32nd Corps of PVO?)
    • 6963rd aviation base (Kursk Vostochny Airport) (MiG-29SMT(UBT))
    • 6968th fighter aviation base (Borisovsky Khotilovo, Tver Oblast) (Su-27, MiG-31B)


  • 1空防司令部(1st Air and Air Defense Forces Command) (Voronezh) (Western Military District) (includes elements of former 6th Army of VVS and PVO)
    • 1st Air-space defense brigade (Severomorsk)
    • 2nd Air-space defense brigade (St. Petersburg)
    • 6961st aviation base (Petrozavodsk Airport) (Su-27)
    • 6964th aviation base (Monchegorsk Airbase, Murmansk Oblast) (Su-24M, Su-24MP)
    • 6965th aviation base (Vyazma Airport, Smolensk Oblast) (Mi-8TM, Mi-24V)
    • 7000th aviation base (Voronezh Malshevo Airbase) (Su-24M, Su-24MP, Su-34)

  • 2空防司令部(2nd Air and Air Defense Forces Command) (Yekaterinburg) (Central Military District)
    • 8th air-space defense brigade (Yekaterinburg)
    • 9th air-space defense brigade (Novosibirsk)
    • 10th air-space defense brigade (Chita)
    • 6977th aviation base (Bolshoye Savino Airport, Perm Krai) (Mig-31)
    • 6979th aviation base (Kansk Airbase, Krasnoyarsk Krai) (Mig-31)
    • 6980th aviation base (Chelyabinsk Shagol Airport) (Su-24M)
    • 6982nd aviation base (Doman Airbase, Zabaykalsky Krai) (Mig-29)

  • 3空防司令部(3rd Air and Air Defense Forces Command) (Khabarovsk) (Eastern Military District)
    • 11th air-space defense brigade (Komsomolsk-na-Amur)
    • 12th air-space defense brigade (Vladivostok)
    • 6983rd aviation base (Vozdvizhenka Airbase, Primorski Krai) (Su-25SM, Mi-8TM, Mi-24P)
    • 6987th aviation base (Komsomolsk-on-Amur Airport, Khabarovsk Krai) (Su-27SM)
    • 6988th aviation base (Khurba, Khabarovsk Krai) (Su-24M, Su-24M2, Su-24MR)
    • 6989th aviation base (Vladivostok International Airport) (Su-27SM)
    • 265th transport aviation base (Khabarovsk)

  • 4空防司令部(4th Air and Air Defense Forces Command) Southern Military District (former 4th and 5th Armies of VVS and PVO)(Rostov-on-Don)
    • 7th air-space defense brigade (Rostov-on-Don)
    • 8th air-space defense brigade (Yekaterinburg)
    • 6970th aviation base (Morozovsk, Rostov Oblast) (Su-24M)
    • 6971st aviation base (Budenovsk, Stavropol Krai) (Su-25SM, Mi-8AMTSh, Mi-24V, Mi-28N)
    • 6972nd aviation base (Krymsk, Krasnodar Krai) (Su-27, Mi-8, Mi-24P, Mi-28N, Ka-27)
    • 6974th aviation base (Korenovsk, Krasnodar Krai) (Mi-8MTV-5, Mi-24V, Mi-35M, Mi-28N)
    • 999th aviation base (Kant Air Base, Kyrgyzstan) (Su-25, Su-27, Mi-8T)
    • 229th transport aviation base (Rostov-on-Don) (Mi-26(T), Mi-8AMTSh(TM))

  • 軍事運輸航空司令部(Military Transport Aviation Command) (Moscow)
    • 6955th Aviation Base (Migalovo (Tver)) (Il-76MD)
    • 6956th Aviation Base (Orenburg) (Il-76MD)
    • 6958th Aviation Base (Taganrog, Rostov Oblast) (Il-76MD)
    • 6985th Aviation Base (Pskov Airport) (Il-76)

  • 長程航空司令部(Long Range Aviation Command) (Moscow)
    • 6950th Aviation Base (Engels-2, Saratov Oblast) (Tu-22M3, Tu-95MS, Tu-160)
    • 6952nd Aviation Base (Ukrainka Airbase, Amur Oblast) (Tu-95MS)
    • 6953rd Aviation Base (Belaya (air base), located at Sredni, Irkutsk Oblast) (Tu-22M3)

Forces of central subordination of the Russian Air Force 2008

  • 8th Air Division for Special Purposes Chkalovsky Airport
  • 929th State Flight Test Centre Akhtubinsk
  • 4th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training Lipetsk Air Base - Su-34, Su-24M2, Su-30, Su-27SM, MiG-29, L-39C.
  • 344th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training Torzhok ground forces helicopters.
    • 696th Research and Instruction Helicopter Regiment Torzhok Ka-50, Ka-52, Mi-35M, Mi-8AMTSh, Mi-24PN, Mi-26, has used Mi-28N.
    • 92nd Research and Instruction Helicopter Squadron Sokol-Vladimir Mi-8TM(MTV-5) and Mi-24PN
  • 2881st Reserve Helicopter Base Totskoye Mi-24P
  • 924th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training Yegoryevsk UAVs
  • Russian State Scientific-Research Institute Centre for Cosmonaut Training Star City (Zvyozdniy Gorodok)
  • 2457th Air Base of Long Range Radiolocation Detection Aircraft Ivanovo Severny A-50(U)
  • 1st Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment Lebyazhye Su-24
  • 764th Fighter Aviation Regiment Bolshoye Savino Airport (Sokol) MiG-31 and MiG-25PU
  • 5th Independent Long Range Reconnaissance Aviation Detachment Voronezh (CFE and INF verification)
  • 185th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training Astrakhan
  • 118th Independent Helicopter Squadron Chebenki(Dmitriyevka), Orenburg Oblast.
  • 4020th Base for Reserve Aircraft Lipetsk
  • 4215th Base for Reserve Aircraft Chebenki

訓練單位(Training Units)

  • Krasnodar Military Aviation Institute L-39C
  • Syzran Military Aviation Institute Syzran Mi-2, Mi-8T and Mi-24V, Ansat, Ka-226T
  • 783rd Training Centre Armavir MiG-29UB and L-39C
  • 786th Training Centre Borisoglebsk - Yak-130

俄羅斯空軍成立時主要是接收來自於前蘇聯時代的大部分作戰飛機,但由於後來俄羅斯經濟崩潰,俄羅斯的國防預算被大幅度裁減,軍事武器包含核子潛艇甚至核子彈道飛彈等大量被廢置。俄羅斯空軍也受到波及不少單位被裁撤使得原本規模比美國龐大的蘇聯空軍縮小成世界第二的空中武力,不過後來多數空軍武器裝備也在俄羅斯經濟靠著石油與天然氣大量出口得到轉機後獲得更新式的武器或延壽改裝。而跟冷戰時期最大的不同處在於原本米格戰鬥機是前蘇聯的出口主力,其兩大戰鬥機設計局米格與蘇愷設計局在前蘇聯剛解體時得不到國內訂單靠著海外訂單(主要是印度與中國)得以繼續生存,在冷戰結束後蘇愷設計局的戰鬥機反而取代原本米格機的地位成為俄羅斯的主要出口戰鬥機,不過目前俄羅斯已經把前蘇聯時代除了位於烏克蘭的安托諾夫設計局外的主要設計局合併成聯合飛機公司。

Combat aircraft
MiG-25 39
MiG-29 190
MiG-31 146
Su-24 314
Su-25 192
Su-27/30/35 201/58(On Order)
Su-34 9/28+26*(On Order)
Bomber
Tu-22 93
Tu-95 45
Tu-160 16
Special mission
An-12 (EW) 21
An-26 (Calibration) 1
An-30 (Recce) 13
An-72 (MPA) 1
Il-76 (AEW) 24
Il-76 (Comms) 1
Il-86 (Comms) 4
Tu-214 (Recce) 0/2(On Order)
Tanker
Il-78 19
Transport
An-12 94
An-22 1
An-24/26 91
An-72/74 32
An-124 2 20
An-140 1+7*
Il-62 3
Il-76 104 2
L-410 95
Tu-134 11
Tu-154 7
Yak-40 1
Combat helicopter
Ka-28 2
Ka-29 21
Ka-50/52 25
Ka-60 5
Mi-2 220
Mi-6 6
Mi-8/17 251
Mi-9 11
Mi-24/35 760
Mi-26 22 22
Mi-28 50
Training aircraft/helicopters
An-26 4
Ansat 40*
F480 1
L-39 27
Tu-134 8
Yak-130 8/65+76*(On Order)
UAV
PCHELA-1T NA
REIS-D NA
IAI Searcher NA
 

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