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2013年11月10日 星期日

Google Earth之世界軍港巡禮-日本海上自衛隊(World Naval Bases Tour in Google Earth-海上自衛隊/Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force)-2013


日本海上自衛隊目前約45,800人,共約114艘戰艦,包含4艘直升機驅逐艦(航艦)(除了較早期的白根級直升機驅逐艦與近期服役的日向級直升機航艦外,201386具備兩棲作戰能力的出雲號下水,並且還要建造另一艘同級艦,或許是日本因應中國擴軍的戰略方針)18 艘潛艇(2艘訓練潛艦)35艘驅逐艦和護衛艦(包含26艘神盾驅逐艦,並預計再增建2~4艘神盾驅逐艦以加強彈道飛彈防禦(BMD-Ballistic Missile Defense)系統的防衛能力,且預計再增加48艘護衛艦艇的興建)29水雷戰艦艇,9艘巡邏船和9艘兩棲艦艇等。共有191架定翼機與148架直升機,這些飛機大部分用於反潛和掃雷作戰行動。

目前日本擁有一個自衛艦隊,總部設在橫須賀,組成了日本海上自衛隊的主要軍事架構。包含護衛艦隊(司令部:橫須賀市)與四個護衛隊群(總部分別設在橫須賀、佐世保、舞鶴和吳)以及五個地方隊(橫須賀、佐世保、舞鶴、吳與大湊),艦隊航空總部設在厚木,兩個潛艇支隊設在吳市和橫須賀,兩個掃雷艦艇支隊設在橫須賀和吳至於艦隊訓練中心則在橫須賀。
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組織架構如下

  • JMSDF Chief of Staff / Maritime Staff Office
    • Self Defense Fleet (Mobile Flotilla)
      • Fleet Escort Force
        • Escort Flotilla 1 (Yokosuka)
          • Escort Squadron 1 (DDG,DDH,DDx2)
          • Escort Squadron 5 (DDG,DDx3)
        • Escort Flotilla 2 (Sasebo)
          • Escort Squadron 2 (DDG,DDH,DDx2)
          • Escort Squadron 6 (DDG,DDx3)
        • Escort Flotilla 3 (Maizuru)
          • Escort Squadron 3 (DDG,DDH,DDx2)
          • Escort Squadron 7 (DDG,DDx3)
        • Escort Flotilla 4 (Kure)
          • Escort Squadron 4 (DDG,DDH,DDx2)
          • Escort Squadron 8 (DDG,DDx3)
        • Fleet Training Command
        • 1st Replenishment Squadron
        • 1st Transportation Squadron
      • Fleet Air Force
        • Fleet Air Wing 1 (P-3C UH-60J)
        • Fleet Air Wing 2 (P-3C UH-60J)
        • Fleet Air Wing 4 (P-3C UH-60J)
        • Fleet Air Wing 5 (P-3C UH-60J)
        • Fleet Air Wing 21 (SH-60J/K)
        • Fleet Air Wing 22 (SH-60J)
        • Fleet Air Wing 31 (US-1A US-2 EP-3 OP-3C UP-3D LC-90 U-36A)
        • Fleet Squadron 51 (P-3C UP-3C/D OP-3 SH-60J/K OH-6DA)
        • Fleet Squadron 61 (YS-11M/MA LC-90)
        • Fleet Squadron 111 (MH-53E MCH-101 CH-101)
      • Fleet Submarine Force
        • Submarine Flotilla 1
          • Submarine Squadron 1
          • Submarine Squadron 3
          • Submarine Squadron 5
        • Submarine Flotilla 2
          • Submarine Squadron 2
          • Submarine Squadron 4
        • Submarine Training Command
      • Mine Warfare Force
      • Fleet Research & Development Command
      • Fleet Intelligence Command
      • Oceanographic Command
    • Air Training Command
      • Shimofusa Air Training Group (P-3C YS-11TA UH-60J)
      • Tokushima Air Training Group (TC-90 UC-90 UH-60J)
      • Ozuki Air Training Group (T-5 UH-60J)
    • Maritime Material Command
      • Ship Supply Depot
      • Air Supply Depot
    • Training Squadron
    • Communication Command
    • Criminal Investigation Command
    • JMSDF Staff College
    • Maritime Officer Candidate School
    • 1st Service School
    • 2nd Service School
    • 3rd Service School
    • 4th Service School
    • District Force
      • Yokosuka District Force
      • Kure District Force
      • Sasebo District Force
      • Maizuru District Force
      • Ominato District Force

主要基地
橫須賀:為日本海上自衛隊與美國第七艦隊共用的港口,包含第七艦隊旗艦兩棲指揮艦藍嶺號與核子動力航艦喬治‧華盛頓號目前皆以此為母港,日本最新的日向號直昇機航艦也以此為母港。


佐世保


舞鶴


吳港


大湊

主要艦艇
4 x helicopter destroyers (or helicopter carriers)(日向級(ひゅうが型Hyūga Class)x2/白根級(しらね型/Shirane Class)x2)
6 x large aegis destroyers (Aegis DDG)(愛宕級(あたご型/Atago Class)x2/金剛級(こんごう型/Kongō Class)x4)
2 x guided missile destroyers (DDG)(旗風級(はたかぜ型/Hatakaze Class))
16 x destroyers (DD)(秋月級(あきづき型/Akizuki Class)x2/高波級(おおすみ型/Takanami Class)x5/村雨級(むらさめ型/Murasame Class)x9)
14 x small destroyers (DD)(朝霧級(あさぎり型/Asagiri)x8/初雪級(はつゆき型/Hatsuyuki)x6)
6 x destroyer escorts (DE)(阿武隈級(あぶくま型/Abukuma Class))
18 x attack submarines(蒼龍級(そうりゅう型/Souryu Class)x5/親潮級(おやしお型/Oyashio Class)x11/春潮級(はるしお型/Harushio Class)x2(訓練艦))
29 x mine countermeasure vessels(浦賀級(うらが型Uraga-class)x2八重山級(やえやま型Yaeyama-class)x3(えのしま型Enoshima-class)x2(ひらしま型Hirashima-class(x3菅島級(すがしま型Sugashima-class)x12(うわじま型Uwajima-class)x5(いえしま型Ieshima-class)x2)
6 x patrol vessels(隼級(はやぶさ型/Hayabusa-class))
3 x landing ship tanks(大隅級(おおすみ型/Osumi Class))
8 x training vessels

軍用機
Special mission
EP-3 (EW) 5
P-1 (MPA) 2/10(On Order)
P/OP-3C (MPA) 95
US-1 (SAR) 2
US-2 (SAR) 5
Transport
King Air 90 5
Learjet 36 4
UP-3C 4
YS-11 3
Combat helicopter
AW101 (CH/MCH101) 7/7(On Order)
BK117 2
MH-53E 10
OH-6D/DA 9
SH/UH-60J/K 116
Training aircraft/helicopters
EC135 6/9(On Order)
King Air 90 27
T-5 50

 

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