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2013年9月15日 星期日

世界主要空軍-南非空軍(World Major Air Force-South African Air Force)-2012



南非空軍最高單位為空軍處(Air Force Office)隸屬於國防部,執行單位由空軍司令部(Air Command)管轄,下屬作戰部隊與單位如下:

Combat Systems Group
This group is responsible for all fixed wing offensive and defensive activities. The units under the directorate are:



2 Squadron

Air Force Base Makhado

Gripen C, Gripen D

60 Squadron

Air Force Base Waterkloof

 

85 Combat Flying School

Air Force Base Makhado

Hawk Mk 120

7 Air Servicing Unit

Air Force Base Hoedspruit

 

Electronic Warfare Centre

Air Force Base Waterkloof

 



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Helicopter Systems Group
Responsible for the operation control of all the SAAF's helicopters, this group comprises:


15 Squadron

Air Force Base Durban

A109 LUH, BK 117, Oryx

17 Squadron

Air Force Base Waterkloof

A109 LUH, Oryx

22 Squadron

Air Force Base Ysterplaat

Oryx, Super Lynx 300

16 Squadron

Air Force Base Bloemspruit

Rooivalk

19 Squadron

Air Force Base Hoedspruit

Oryx

87 Helicopter Flying School

Air Force Base Bloemspruit

A109 LUH, BK 117, Oryx




Transport and Maritime Systems Group
As the name implies, all maritime and transport activities fall under this directorate. Associated units are:


21 Squadron

Air Force Base Waterkloof

550/1 Citation II, Boeing 737-7ED (BBJ), Falcon 50, Falcon 900B

28 Squadron

Air Force Base Waterkloof

C-130B/BZ Hercules

35 Squadron

Air Force Base Ysterplaat

C-47TP Turbo Dakota

41 Squadron

Air Force Base Waterkloof

208 Caravan, B200 Super King Air, PC-12

44 Squadron

Air Force Base Waterkloof

C 212 Aviocar, CN 235




Command and Control Systems Group
Comprising the old directorates of Communications, Ground and Computer Systems and Air Space Control, this group comprises:  


4 Air Servicing Unit

Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing

18 Deployment Support Unit

Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing

92 Tactical Airfield Unit

Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing

120 Squadron

 

140 Squadron

Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing

142 Squadron

Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing

Mobile Communications Unit

Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing



Base Support Systems Group
This group is responsible for the maintenance of facilities and airfields at nine bases and seven forward airfields. The Base Support Operational Systems component of the Group assesses the mission preparedness of ground support systems. It furthermore provides the relevant force preparation operational plan and training syllabi for base support personnel. The Base Support Logistic System component ensures the achievement of system effectiveness through optimised engineering and contract management support.

Operational Support and Intelligence Systems Group
This directorate incorporates the old Intelligence, Counter Intelligence and section Ground Protection units. The core business is the provision of operational support to the SAAF for the conduct of air operations.


Joint Air Reconnaissance Intelligence Centre

Air Force Base Waterkloof



Education, Training and Development
This group is the mechanism through which education, training and development opportunities are provided to members of the SAAF, both permanent force and reserve force.


80 Air Navigation School

Air Force Base Ysterplaat

 

Central Flying School

Air Force Base Langebaanweg

PC-7 Mk II (Astra)

SAAF Museum Historic Flight

Zwartkop

Alouette II (Museum), C-47 Dakota (Museum), CL.13B Sabre Mk 6 (Museum), D.H.87B Hornet Moth (Museum), DHC-1 Chipmunk T MK 10, Explorer, Fi-156c-7 Storch, Harvards (Museum), Mirage IIIBZ (Museum), Mirage IIICZ (Museum), P-51D Mustang (Museum), P166S Albatross (Museum), Prentice T Mk 1, Provost T Mk 52 (Museum), S-55C (Museum), SA-330L Puma (Museum), Shackleton MR.3 (Museum), Spitfire Mk IXe (Museum)

2 Air Servicing Unit

Air Force Base Langebaanweg

 

Air Force Gymnasium

Air Force Base Hoedspruit

 

68 Air School

TEK Base

 

Command and Control School

Air Force Base Waterkloof

 

Fire Training School

Valhalla

 

SA Air Force College

Other

 




雖然南非軍力在世界上並不屬於頂尖,但卻是唯一具備武器研發能力的非洲國家,曾經從幻象III型戰機開發出獵豹戰機(Cheetah),並外銷智利與厄瓜多,並開發荼隼(Rooivalk)攻擊直升機與羚羊(Oryx)運輸直升機,除南非自製武器外多數空軍裝備來自於美歐。長期的種族隔離政策讓南非遭受很多國家經濟制裁與武器禁運,但自戴克拉當選總統後此政策已廢除,後來並選出第一位黑人總統曼德拉。

Combat aircraft
Gripen C 9/8(On order)
Gripen D 9
Special mission
DC-3 (EW) 1
DC-3 (MPA) 5
Transport
C-130B 7
C-212 4
Cessna 208 10
CN-235 1
DC-3 5
King Air 200/300 4
Combat helicopter
AW109 29
BK117 7
Oryx 47
Training aircraft/helicopters
Hawk 120 24
PC-7 Mk II 55

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