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2013年8月14日 星期三

世界第4.5代噴射戰鬥機(World 4.5 Generation Jet Fighter Aircrafts)-2013

4.5代噴射戰鬥機於1990年代後陸續服役,目前仍持續研究開發中。美國政府定義4.5代戰鬥機必須具備主動相位陣列雷達,高容量的資料鏈,具備先進的航空電子設備及有能力可以配置可預見且合理的未來武器
此代戰機被設計成以操作在網路中心(network-centric)的戰場環境且主要為多功能戰鬥機 主要武裝配備有視距外空對空飛彈(beyond-visual-range (BVR) AAMs)、全球定位系統導引武器(Global Positioning System (GPS)-guided weapons)、固態相位陣列雷達(solid-state phased-array radars)、頭盔瞄準器(helmet-mounted sights)與加強安全與抗干擾數據鏈(jamming-resistant datalink)等。此外,向量噴嘴引擎可增加戰機瞬間的機動性並且也具備大功率發動機以達到超音速巡航(supercruise)能力
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由第四代戰機衍生開發而來
美國
Lockheed Martin F-16E/F Block 60 (export)

F-16C/D Block 50/52為基礎作改良,分為單座的F-16E與雙座的F-16F,批次為Block 60目前僅有阿拉伯聯合大公國採用。改進項目包含換裝Raytheon AN/APG-80主動相位陣列雷達、航空電子、適形油箱(conformal fuel tanks (CFTs))並換裝更強力的GE F110-132引擎。後續並推出了F-16INF-16V等衍生型。
衍生型
F-16E/F
The F-16E (single seat) and F-16F (two seat) are newer F-16 variants. The Block 60 version is based on the F-16C/D Block 50/52 and has been developed especially for the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It features improved AN/APG-80 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar, avionics, conformal fuel tanks (CFTs), and the more powerful GE F110-132 engine.
F-16IN
For the Indian MRCA competition for the Indian Air Force, Lockheed Martin offered the F-16IN Super Viper. The F-16IN is based on the F-16E/F Block 60 and features conformal fuel tanks; AN/APG-80 AESA radar, GE F110-132A engine with FADEC controls; electronic warfare suite and infra-red searching (IRST); updated glass cockpit; and a helmet-mounted cueing system. As of 2011, the F-16IN is no longer in the competition.
F-16V
Lockheed Martin unveiled plans for a new variant of F-16 (which carries a V suffix, referencing to its Viper nickname) at the 2012 Singapore Air Show. George Standridge, vice-president of business development at Lockheed Martin Aeronautics, was quoted to say that the new variant will feature an active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, a new mission computer and various cockpit improvements; further details revealed that this package can be retrofitted to previous F-16s as well, making these aircraft comparable to the Block 60 variant.

服役國家:
阿拉伯聯合大公國空軍(F-16E 55架,F-16F 24)


Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet (navy)

F/A-18E/F是美國波音公司開發生產的一種艦載戰鬥攻擊機。由F/A-18C/D大黃蜂衍生而來,作為已取消的A-12艦載攻擊機之替代方案。並用以取代當時已經老邁的F-14雄貓式戰鬥機和A-6闖入者式攻擊機以及EA-6B徘徊者電子作戰機。改進項目包含換裝Hughes APG-73Raytheon APG-79主動相位陣列雷達、改進航電系統、加大翼展面積、適形油箱(conformal fuel tanks)降低雷達反射截面積、換裝更強力的GE F414-GE-400引擎,封閉式武器夾艙(enclosed weapons pod (EWP))與新一代駕駛艙。
衍生型
F/A-18E Super Hornet
Enlarged version of F/A-18C to replace F-14 Tomcat. Lengthened fuselage, larger wing and tail plane, rectangular air intakes for new F404 engines but F/A-18C standard avionics fit.
F/A-18F Super Hornet
Two seat combat capable version of F/A-18E.
EA -18G Growler
Projected Electronic Warfare version of F/A-18F to replace EA-6B Prowler.
服役國家:
澳洲空軍 F/A-18F(2中隊,有部分飛機將改裝成F/A-18+(EA-18G))
美國海軍 F/A-18E/F(目前共26艦載中隊外加4測試評估中隊)EA-18G(目前共5中隊)

Boeing F-15E Strike Eagle
19813月,美國空軍發佈增強型戰術戰鬥機(Enhanced Tactical FighterETF)計劃,以取代F-111。本概念要求的是一架能夠執行遠距離,深入敵人戰線後方的阻絕任務,並且不需要護航與電子干擾的支援。由通用動力公司(General Dynamics)F-16XL與麥道的F-15衍生型F-15E競爭,最後由F-15E獲選。最初的F-15E改進項目為換裝Raytheon AN/APG-70主動相位陣列雷達、適形油箱、戰術電戰系統(tactical electronic warfare system (TEWS))整合所有電子反至能力、慣性導航系統(inertial navigation system)以及Pratt & Whitney F100-229引擎,目前仍持續加強改進中。
服役國家:
以色列空軍 (1中隊,25 F-15I "Ra'am")
韓國空軍(3中隊,60F-15K "Slam Eagle")
沙烏地阿拉伯空軍(68 F-15S將升級F-15SA,另外訂購84F-15SA) 
新加坡空軍(1中隊,24F-15SG)
美國空軍(9聯隊1大隊17中隊,共221F-15E)  
衍生型
F-15G Wild Weasel was a proposed two-seat version to replace the F-4G Wild Weasel in the Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD) role.


日美合作
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) /Lockheed Martin  F-2
F-2支援戰鬥機,是日本航空自衛隊的戰鬥機機種之一,也是接替F-1戰鬥機任務的後繼機。此款戰機由三菱重工及美國的洛克希德公司合作,以F-16為基礎共同研製,於1995年完成原型機並於2000年開始服役。主要任務為對地打擊與反艦作戰,但靠著先進的電子戰系統和雷達,在空對空作戰也很有不錯的表現,有「平成零戰」之稱。
日本防衛廳技術研究總部自1973年開始進行了一系列技術基礎研究,其中包括氣動外形、複合材料、高機動性、先進火控技術、航空電腦、慣性導航、匿蹤技術和整合電子作戰系統等,且須具備全天候作戰能力。1984126防衛廳參謀會議開始探討F-1後繼機,FS-X計畫初現原型。
19853月,三菱重工提出獨立自主開發、代名為JF-210的戰鬥機方案,外型類似瑞典JAS-39獅鹫(Gripen)。不過,其戰鬥機採用雙垂尾雙發佈局,進氣口在座艙下方,兩具F404型發動機,起飛重量11.5噸,最大速度1.9馬赫,攜帶4枚反艦飛彈(ASM)時作戰半徑約930公里。
1987年下半年,日本國內三大報:朝日、每日與讀賣新聞就不斷地報導FS-X戰鬥機相關消息,關注的不是飛機本身,而是美日兩國政府關於FS-X的談判過程。日本曾提出共同開發,但由於當初日本對美國存在相當大的貿易順差因此在美國的壓力下雙方達成協定,F-2AF-16C Block40/42為基礎,F-2B則依據F-16D Block40/42為架構開發成為後來的FS-X支援戰鬥機。
衍生型 
XF-2A:Single-seat prototypes.
XF-2B:Two-seat prototypes.

F-2A:Single-seat fighter version.
F-2B:Two-seat training version.
生產總量
XF-2A2
XF-2B2
F-2A71
F-2B33
服役國家:
日本航空自衛隊 
F-2A 63
F-2B 12


俄羅斯
Mikoyan MiG-29M


In the mid-1980s, a development of the original MiG-29 was proposed to meet the Soviet western front line requirement. It was required to be a multirole fighter for the front line defensive air force to gain offensive strike ability.
衍生型
MiG-29M / MiG-33 (Product 9.15)
Advanced single-seat multi-role variant, with a redesigned airframe, mechanical flight controls replaced by a fly-by-wire system and powered by enhanced RD-33 ser.3M engines. NATO reporting code is 'Fulcrum-E'.
MiG-29UBM (Product 9.61)
Two-seat training variant of the MiG-29M. Never built. Effectively continued under the designation 'MiG-29M2'.
MiG-29SMT (Product 9.17)
An upgrade package of the first-generation MiG-29s (9.12 to 9.13) containing many enhancements intended for the MiG-29M. Additional fuel tanks in a further enlarged spine provide a maximum flight range of 2,100 km on internal fuel. The cockpit has an enhanced HOTAS design, two 152 × 203 mm (6 × 8 inch) colour liquid crystal MFDs and two smaller monochrome LCDs. The upgraded Zhuk-ME radar provides similar features to the MiG-29M. The power plant are upgraded RD-33 ser.3 engines with afterburning thrust rated the same at 8,300 kgf (81.4 kN) each. The weapons load was increased to 4,500 kg on six underwing and one ventral hardpoints, with similar weapon choices as for the MiG-29M variant. The upgraded aircraft has also a painted path for non-Russian origin avionics and weapons.
MiG-29UBT (Product 9.51T)
SMT standard upgrade for the MiG-29UB.
MiG-29M2 / MiG-29MRCA
Two-seat version of MiG-29M. Identical characteristics to MiG-29M, with a slightly reduced ferry range of 1,800 km. It was once given designation MiG-29MRCA for marketing purpose and has evolved into the MiG-35.
服役國家:
Russia
Russian Air Force operates 28 MiG-29SMT and 6 MiG-29UBT aircraft.
India
Indian Air Force all MiG-29s will be upgraded to MiG-29SMT level with latest avionics, engine, Zhuk-ME radar, weapon control systems by 2013.


Mikoyan MiG-29K

The MiG-29K project was initiated in the late 1970s when the Soviet Navy developed a requirement for a supersonic carrier-based fighter. As a first step to meet this requirement, the Mikoyan design bureau designed a "proof of concept" version of the MiG-29 fitted with a stronger undercarriage and a reinforced tail section with an arrestor hook, the MiG-29KVP (Korotkii Vzlet i Posadka, or "short take off and landing").
衍生型
MiG-29K
Single seat variant.
MiG-29KUB
Tandem two-seat operational trainer variant.
服役國家:
India
Indian Navy – Naval Air Arm has 45 MiG-29K/KUB aircraft on order as of March 2010. The naval air arm has 20 aircraft in inventory.
Russia
Russian Navy – Russian Naval Aviation is to get 20 MiG-29K and 4 MiG-29KUB delivered between 2013 and 2015.


Sukhoi Su-30MKI

The Sukhoi Su-30MKI (北約代號: Flanker-H) is a Fourth-generation air superiority fighter developed by Russia's Sukhoi and assembled under licence by India's Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force (IAF). A variant of the Sukhoi Su-30, it is a heavy, all-weather, long-range fighter.
服役國家:
印度空軍在20111月共有157 Su-30MKI服役於7個聯隊,未來將再增加5Su-30MKI聯隊。


Sukhoi Su-30MKK

The Sukhoi Su-30MKK (北約代號: Flanker-G) is a modification of the Su-30, incorporating advanced technology from the Su-27M variant. Su-30MKK was developed by Sukhoi Company (JSC) in 1997, as a result of a direct Request for Tender between the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China. It is a heavy class, all-weather, long-range strike fighter, and like the Su-30, comparable to the American F-15E Strike Eagle.
The People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) leadership became concerned by the United States Air Force's (USAF) expanding defended-airspace-penetration and precision-strike capability during the 1990s. A defensive orientated tactics were dropped and a more aggressive stance was adopted. A requirement for a heavy fighter with a large combat radius and a precision weapon employment capability was placed upon the political leadership of the People's Republic of China.
衍生型
Su-30MKK
It is a heavy class, all-weather, long-range strike fighter, and like the Su-30, comparable to the American F-15E Strike Eagle.
Su-30MK2
With its improved avionics, the MK2 was designed for more dedicated use as a maritime strike aircraft, thus these aircraft ordered by China are currently being operated by the Naval Air Force. The MK2 also features a better C4ISTAR (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance) abilities than the MKKs.
Su-30MK3
The MKK3 was to possibly feature either the Phazotron Zhuk-MSF phased array radar, or a new "Panda" radar developed by Tikhomirov, which is based on Pero passive phased array radar, both were rumored to be under Chinese evaluation. In January 2007, Russia confirmed that the newest Irbis-E (Snow leopard-E) phased array radar in Russia's inventory, developed by Tikhomirov, was offered to China.


中國
Shenyang J-16

According to media reports, China has developed Shenyang J-16 fighter based on the Shenyang J-11 airframe influenced by the Russian Sukhoi Su-30MKK that was sold to China in 2000.
服役國家:
People's Republic of China
People's Liberation Army Air Force had 73 Su-30MKK fighters in service in 2010.
People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force had 24 Su-30MK2s in service in 2010.
Indonesia
Indonesian Air Force had 3 Su-30MK2 in service in 2009.Additional 6 are to be delivered in 2013.
Uganda People's Defence Force
Uganda People's Defence Force had 6 Su-30MK2 in service in 2012. Following signing of the contract in May 2012, deliveries were completed within twelve months. Price tag for the six fighters was settled at US$740 million.
Venezuela
Venezuelan Air Force had 24 Su-30MK2 in service in 2008.
Viet Nam
Vietnam People's Air Force had 12 Su-30MK2V (customised MK2) in service in 2012. Additional 12 are to be delivered by the end of 2013.


全新開發機種
法國
Dassault Rafale (Thales RBE2 AESA planned for 2012)

1970年代中期,法國空軍開始考慮即將在未來20年之內取代需要汰除的老舊幻象戰機  ,美洲虎攻擊機而提出戰術作戰飛機(Avion de Combat Tactique - ACT / Tactical Combat Aircraft)計畫,同時法國海軍也提出他們的海軍作戰飛機(Avion de Combat Marine - ACM / Naval Combat Aircraft)計畫來取代當時的F-8艦載戰鬥機。由於這兩個計畫有許多相同的需求,法國海空軍同意將兩個計畫合併為試驗作戰飛機(Avion de Combat Experimental - ACX / Experimental Combat Aircraft)計畫,研發下一代戰鬥機。ㄧ開始法國與英德義三國準備同時合作開發新戰機,但由於後來法國的需求其他三國並不相同,需同時有空軍與海軍型,因此後來英德義退出未來歐洲戰機計畫,而法國自行開發了多功能三角翼的疾風戰機,這也是除了美國聯合打擊戰機外唯一同時開發給空軍與海軍型軍用戰鬥機的計畫。本戰機的空軍疾風B/CF-2未來將取代美洲虎攻擊機、幻象F1戰鬥機和幻象2000戰鬥機。海軍的疾風MF2則將取代對地攻擊的超級軍旗式攻擊機與偵查用的軍旗4式戰鬥機,海軍型戰機未來將全部被改裝為F3標準。
衍生型 
Rafale A
A technology demonstrator that first flew in 1986. It has now been retired.
Rafale D
Dassault used this designation (D for discret or stealthy) in the early 1990s for the production versions for the Armée de l'Air, to emphasise the new semi-stealthy features they had added to the design.
Rafale B
This is the two-seater version for the Armée de l'Air; delivered to EC 330 in 2004.
Rafale C
This is the single-seat version for the Armée de l'Air; delivered to EC 330 in June 2004.
Rafale M
Carrier-borne version for the Aéronavale (French Navy), which entered service in 2002. The Rafale M weighs about 500 kg (1,100 lb) more than the Rafale C. For carrier operations, the M model has a strengthened airframe, longer nose gear leg to provide a more nose-up attitude, larger tailhook between the engines, and a built-in boarding ladder.
Rafale N
The Rafale N, originally called the Rafale BM, was planned to be a two-seater version for the Aéronavale. Budget constraints and the cost of training extra crew members have been cited as the grounds for its cancellation.
Rafale R
Proposed reconnaissance-oriented variant.

服役國家
法國
空軍型
33x Rafale B, 43x Rafale C
海軍型
38x Rafale M (10xF1,28xF3)  
印度
共訂購126(18架由法國製造另106架則採授權生產模式由印度製造)


英德義西合作
Eurofighter Typhoon

1970年代初英國、西德、法國就開始共同規劃1990年代服役的新型戰機。1979年,西德對於新式戰鬥機的要求則導致了TFK-90概念機的開發。同年,British Aerospace公司和Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm公司向他們各自的政府提交了ECF(歐洲聯合戰鬥機)的正式提案。197910月,法國達梭(Dassault)加入了ECF小組,法國稱為ACX、英國稱為P.110P.106、西德則稱為TFK-901983年英法義德西開始「未來歐洲戰機」計畫(FEFA),擬定飛機具有短場起降和超視距空戰能力。1984年法國堅持要發展艦載型,英德義三國選擇退出,自創新的歐洲戰機計畫。1985英德義三國在杜林市開會決意加快計畫,同時法國和西班牙兩國被排除於計畫外,同年九月份西班牙希望重新加入計畫,之後法國官方宣布不再涉足歐洲戰機計畫,轉而追求自己的ACX專案發展Rafale戰鬥機。
EF-2000 Eurofighter Typhoon是一種便於組裝、高效率、先進航電於一體的多用途戰機。與其他同級戰機相比颱風駕駛艙的人機介面高度智慧化,可以有效減低駕駛員工作量,DASH頭盔顯示器於較少操作步驟就能達成功能,還加裝了語音辨識輸入可以用語音啟動指令,加快操作流程速度,更可不開後燃器超音速巡航,可說是目前最優秀的4.5代噴射戰鬥機之一。
衍生型
Tranche 1
Block 1 : Initial Operational Capability and basic Air Defence Capability.
Block 2 : Initial air-to-air capabilities.
Block 2B : Full air-to-air capabilities.
Block 5 : Full Operational Capability (FOC) by combining existing air-to-air role with air-to-ground capabilities.
Tranche 2
Block 8 : New mission computers required for the integration of future weapons such as Meteor, Storm Shadow and Taurus. (Differences in the build to Tranche 1 related to changes in production technology or obsolescence).
Block 10 : Software: EOC 1 (advanced multi role step 1) AIM-120C-5 AMRAAM, IRIS-T digital. A2G: GBU-24, GPS-controlled weapons, ALARM, Paveway III & IV, Rafael Litening III
Block 15 : Software: EOC 2 (advanced multi role step 2) A2A Meteor A2G: TAURUS, Storm Shadow, Brimstone 
Tranche 3
These aircraft will have interfaces for possible future improvements, but will be delivered at a Tranche 2 level of capability.
The Indian Navy has made a request for information for a carrier based variant of the Eurofighter. In this contest it will once again be up against the Rafale, which split from the Eurofighter project over the need for a carrier based variant.

預計生產總量
Alenia Aeronautica – Left wing, outboard flaperons, rear fuselage sections
BAE Systems – Front fuselage (including foreplanes), canopy, dorsal spine, tail fin, inboard flaperons, rear fuselage section
EADS Deutschland – Main centre fuselage


EADS CASA – Right wing, leading edge slats

Country

Tranche 1

Tranche 2

Tranche 3A

Total

Austria

15

0

0

15

Germany

33

79

31

143

Italy

28

47

21

96

Saudi Arabia

1

48

24

72

Spain

19

34

20

73

United Kingdom

53

67

40

160

TOTAL

148

299

112

559
服役國家:
Austria
Austrian Air Force – 1中隊15
Germany
Luftwaffe – 4聯隊共243
Italy
Italian Air Force – 3聯隊共96
Saudi Arabia
Royal Saudi Air Force – 訂購72架至20134月有24架服役
Spain
Spanish Air Force – 2聯隊共103
United Kingdom
Royal Air Force – 共訂購160架,至20131月共有100架服役於皇家空軍6個中隊(4現役2預備役)
Oman
Royal Air Force of Oman – 訂購12


瑞典
Saab 39 Gripen
JAS-39用來作為JA-37的後繼型機種並於1980開始開發,1981年機體的初期提案於翌年得到政府審核通過、試驗機5架與量産型30架的開發契約簽訂。
由於瑞典的軍事力量需建立在目前的外交中立政策上,面臨戰爭時突然受到敵方的突襲的機會很高。為了減低被敵方突襲所受到的傷害,戰鬥機和機場的分佈分散在國土各處,機庫則掩蔽在山洞之中,而戰鬥機也設計能夠在一般的高速公路上起飛。因為瑞典國內高速公路具備長達數公里的直線道可以作為戰鬥機起降跑道的路段非常稀少,因此瑞典的戰鬥機必須具有短場起降(STOL)力。因此,機庫掩蔽處的油、彈設備等能獨立整備作業也是必要的,也要求高度的整備功能。
JAS-39當初僅爲瑞典國內專用作為考量而開發。但是於90年代後期瑞典與英國航太合作開始進行JAS-39的外銷,為了滿足客戶的需求,瑞典將原先的JAS-39進行了整體強化,包括航電、機身結構、引擎皆進行更新;與原本構型外在最大差別為增加了軟管給油方式的空中加油裝置。這種新機型稱為JAS-39C/D,除了外銷以外瑞典空軍也採用。
衍生型
JAS 39A: The initial fighter version that entered service with the Swedish Air Force in 1996. A modification program has started and 31 of these will be upgraded to C/D standard.
JAS 39B: The two-seat version of the A variant. It is 0.66 m (2 ft 2 in) longer than the single seat version. The rear cockpit does not have a HUD, but an image from the front cockpit HUD can be presented on the rear cockpit flight data display; version has reduced fuel load and no internal gun.
JAS 39C: The NATO-compatible version of Gripen with extended capabilities in terms of armament, electronics, etc. It uses large colour displays with English language, feet and knots instead of meters and km/h. This variant can also be refuelled in flight.
JAS 39D: The two-seat version of the C variant.
Gripen Demo: A two-seat technology demonstrator for improvements slated for the Gripen NG.
Gripen NG/IN (Next Generation/India): Proposed version with new engine (F414G), SELEX Galileo Raven ES-05 AESA radar, increased fuel capacity, higher payload, upgraded avionics and other improvements. The Gripen IN variant of the NG was a contender for the Indian MRCA competition.
JAS 39 E/F: Two production versions from Gripen NG program. 60 single-seater JAS 39Es on order for Sweden, 22 Es (or mix of Es and twin seat Fs) are expected for Switzerland.
Sea Gripen: A proposed carrier-based version based on the NG variant; its development was underway in 2011.
Gripen UCAV: A proposed unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) variant; Saab are reportedly investigating an optionally-manned version of the Gripen E.
服役國家:
Czech Republic
The Czech Air Force has 14 Gripens on lease; these include 12 single-seat C models and two two-seat D models, in operation in January 2013.
Hungary
The Hungarian Air Force operates 14 Gripens (12 C-models and two D-models) on a lease-and-buy arrangement as of January 2013.
South Africa
The South African Air Force (SAAF) ordered 26 aircraft; 17 single-seat C-models and 9 two-seater D-models. The first delivery, a two-seater, took place on 30 April 2008.The South African Air Force has nine single-seaters and nine two-seaters in use as of January 2013.
Sweden
The Swedish Air Force originally ordered 204 aircraft, including 28 two-seaters. Sweden leases 28 of the aircraft, to the Czech and Hungarian Air Forces. In 2007, the Swedish government stated that only around 100 JAS 39C/D Gripens will be kept in an operational state. The SAF has 134 JAS 39s, including 50 JAS 39As, 13 JAS 39Bs, 60 JAS 39Cs and 11 JAS 39D Gripens in inventory in January 2013.
Thailand
The Royal Thai Air Force has ordered 12 JAS 39 Gripens (eight single-seat JAS 39C and four JAS 39D two-seaters).It had six JAS 39s, including four JAS 39Cs, and two JAS 39Ds in use as of January 2013. Nine were delivered as of April 2013.
United Kingdom
Empire Test Pilots' School operates Gripens for training. ETPS instructor pilots and students undergo simulator training with the Swedish Air Force, and go on to fly the two-seater Gripen at Saab in Linköping, in two training campaigns per year (Spring and Autumn)


開發中
美國
Boeing F-15SE Silent Eagle


F-15SE寂靜之鷹戰鬥機是一種正在開發中的美國戰鬥機,由波音公司負責研發與製造,為現役的F-15E的升級的多功能戰機。本機型的主要特色是將外部武器如飛彈與炸彈等利用內建式的武器匣艙和使用無線電波吸收材料來大幅度降低雷達原來F-15的雷達截面積,達到匿蹤效果指但整體效果可能遠不及F-22A甚至F-35。但由於美國政府目前已經禁止F-22A出口,遠比F-22A低廉又具備匿蹤效果的F-15SE或許可以爭取到一些外銷訂單。

Boeing F/A-18SE Silent Hornet

俄羅斯
Mikoyan MiG-35


Mikoyan MiG-35(МикоянМиГ- 35,北約代號:支點 - F)是依據 MiG-29M/M2MiG-29K/KUB技術進一步發展的新戰機。首架原型機是改裝的飛機,以前曾擔任MiG- 29M2模型展示機。到目前為止,已生產10架原型機,目前正在受到廣泛的實機性能試驗。MiG -35目前歸類為中重型戰機,因為它的最大起飛重量比MiG-29增加了百分之三十,超過其以往的標準分類。
MiG-35/MiG-35D展示了 MiG-29K/KUB MiG-29M/M2戰機在最新與先進戰鬥效率的性能提升,多方面性和與操作性能的提升。主要特徵在新的設計是採用第五代資訊視覺系統,並與俄羅斯和其他外國的武器應用具相容性並整合各種防禦系統的變異性,以提高作戰生存能力。整體設計採用新的設計概念,超越標準型,使新的飛機可進行全面的多重作戰任務以與相對應西方同級戰機抗衡。


Sukhoi Su-35

The Sukhoi Su-35 (北約代號: Flanker-E) is a designation for two separate heavily-upgraded derivatives of the Su-27 'Flanker'. They are single-seat, twin-engine supermaneuverable multirole fighters, designed by Sukhoi and built by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO).
The first variant was designed during the 1980s, when Sukhoi was looking to upgrade its high-performance Su-27, and was initially known as the Su-27M. Later re-designated Su-35, this derivative incorporates aerodynamic refinements to increase manoeuvrability, enhanced avionics, longer range, and a more powerful engine.
目前傳出中國打算購買至少24架Su-35,甚至可能高達100架
http://m.nownews.com/n/2013/03/18/2915112/
只是中國自己號稱開發了第五代戰鬥機J-20與J-31,現在卻反而回過頭買老俄的4.5代戰機,這不是很耐人尋味嗎?
衍生型
Su-27M/Su-35
Single-seat fighter.
Su-35UB
Two-seat trainer. Features taller vertical stabilizers and a forward fuselage similar to the Su-30.
Su-35BM
Single-seat fighter with upgraded avionics and various modifications to the airframe. Su-35BM is informal name.
Su-35S
Designation of the modernized Su-35 variant of the Russian Air Force.
Su-37
Thrust-vectoring demonstrator.


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